Heat stroke: Heat stroke is a
life-threatening situation. Help is needed fast. Call 911 or
your local emergency number. Move the person to a cooler place.
Quickly cool the body. Immerse victim in a cool bath, or wrap wet
sheets around the body and fan it. Watch for signals of breathing
problems. Keep the person lying down and continue to cool the body
any way you can. If the victim refuses water, is vomiting, or
there are changes in the level of consciousness, do not give
anything to eat or drink.
Heat cramps: Get the person to a cooler
place and have him or her rest in a comfortable position. Lightly
stretch the affected muscle and replenish fluids. Give a half
glass of cool water every 15 minutes. Do not give liquids with
alcohol or caffeine in them, as they can cause further
dehydration, making conditions worse.
Heat exhaustion: Get the person out of
the heat and into a cooler place. Remove or loosen tight clothing
and apply cool, wet cloths, such as towels or sheets. If the
person is conscious, give cool water to drink. Make sure the
person drinks slowly. Give a half glass of cool water every 15
minutes. Let the victim rest in a comfortable position, and watch
carefully for changes in his or her condition.